Geography of India
The geography of India comprises most of the
Indian subcontinent and is situated on the Indian
Plate in the northerly portion of the Indo-Australian
Plate. India lies to the north of the equator
between 8°4' and 37°6' north latitude
and 68°7' and 97°25' east longitude.
It is the seventh-largest country in the world,
with a total land area of 3,287,263 square kilometres
(1,269,219 sq mi). India measures 3,214 km (1,997
mi) from north to south and 2,993 km (1,860
mi) from east to west. It has a land frontier
of 15,200 km (9,445 mi) and a coastline of 7,517
km (4,671 mi).
Himalayas, the world's highest mountain chain
and Nepal as its Neighbouring country dominate
India's northern border. Following the sweeping
mountains to the northeast, its borders narrow
to a small channel that passes between Nepal,
Tibet, Bangladesh, and Bhutan, then spreads
out again to meet Burma in the "eastern
triangle." Apart from the Arabian Sea,
its western border is defined exclusively by
North India is the country's largest region
begins with Jammu and Kashmir, with terrain
varying from arid mountains in the far north
to the lake country and forests near Srinagar
and Jammu. Moving south along the Indus river,
the North becomes flatter and more hospitable,
widening into the fertile plains of Punjab to
the west and the Himalayan foothills of Uttar
Pradesh and the Ganges river valley to the East.
Cramped between these two states is the capital
The states of Gujarat, Maharashtra, Goa, and
part of the massive, central state of Madhya
Pradesh constitute West India. Extending from
the Gujarat peninsula down to Goa, the west
coast is lined with some of India's best beaches.
The land along the coast is typically lush with
rainforests. The Western Ghats separate the
verdant coast from the Vindya Mountains and
the dry Deccan plateau further inland.
India is the home of the sacred River Ganges
and the majority of Himalayan foothills, East
India begins with the states of Madhya Pradesh,
Bihar, Orissa, which comprise the westernmost
part of the region. East India also contains
an area known as the eastern triangle, which
is entirely distinct. This is the last gulp
of land that extends beyond Bangladesh, culminating
in the Naga Hills along the Burmese border.
India reaches its peninsular tip with South
India, which begins with the Deccan in the north
and ends with Cape Comorin. The states in South
India are Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu,
and Kerala, a favourite leisure destination.
The southeast coast, mirroring the west, also
rests snugly beneath a mountain range---the