is a city on the banks of the Yamuna River in
the state of Uttar Pradesh, India. It finds
mention in the epic Mahabharata when it was
called Agrabana, or Paradise. Tradition and
legend ascribe the present city of Raja Badal
Singh (around 1475) whose fort, Badalgarh, stood
on or near the site of the present Fort. However,
the 12th century Persian poet Salman writes
of a desperate assault on the fortress of Agra,
then held by one King Jaipal, by Sultan Mahmud
of Ghazni. It was ruled by Sultan Sikandar Lodi
in the year 1506. It achieved fame as the capital
of the Mughal emperors from 1526 to 1658 and
remains a major tourist destination because
of its many splendid Mughal-era buildings, most
notably the Taj Mahal, Agra Fort and Fatehpur
Sikri, all three of which are UNESCO
World Heritage Sites.
Agra is situated on the banks of Yamuna river.
It has an average elevation of 171 metres (561
ft). On the north it is bound by Mathura, on
the south by Dhaulpur, on the east by Firozabad,
on the south-east by Fatehabad and on the west
by Bharatpur. Agra is the third biggest city
in Uttar Pradesh. The Agra district is divided
into Six Tehsils and 15 Blocks. Total number
of Nayay Panchayats in the district are 114
while Gram Sabhas stands at 636. The total populated
villages are 904. The total number of police
stations in the district are 41 out of which
16 are in Urban area and 25 are in Rural area.
The total number of Railway Stations (including
Halts) are 29 and Bus Stands/Bus Stops are 144.
Total number of Broad Gauge lines is 196 K.M.
and Meter Gauge is 35 K.M
Places of Interest In Agra