The Ram Bagh is the oldest Mughal Garden in
India, originally built by the Mughal Emperor
Babur in 1528 A.D., located about five kilometers
northeast of the Taj Mahal in Agra, India. Babur
was temporarily buried there before being interred
The garden is a Paradise garden or Charbagh,
where pathways and canals divide the garden
to represent the Islamic ideal of paradise,
an abundant garden through which rivers flow.
The Ram Bagh provides an example of a variant
of the charbagh in which water cascades down
three terraces in a sequence of cascades. Two
viewing pavilions face the Jumna river and incorporates
a subterranean 'tahkhana' which was used during
the hot summers to provide relief for visitors.
The garden has numerous water courses and fountains.
The name is a corruption of the Persian Aaram
Bagh meaning 'Garden of Rest'. It is also variously
known as Bagh-i Nur Afshan 'Light-Scattering
Garden', Aalsi Bagh or 'Lazy Garden': according
to legend, Emperor Akbar proposed to his third
wife, who was a gardner there, by lying idle
for 6 days until she agreed to marry him.
Jahangir waited in the garden in early March
1621 for the most astrologically auspicious
hour for him to enter Agra after he took the
Fort of Kangra. The preserved, surviving architecture
dates to his reign and demonstrates the skill
of his wife Nur Jahan as a garden designer.
Other Places of Interest In Agra