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Qutub Minar

 
Place of Interest in Delhi
Qutub Minar
Red Fort
Purana Quila
Jantar Mantar
Humayun's Tomb
India Gate
Jama Masjid
Safdarjung's Tomb
Rashtrapati Bhawan
Rajghat
Lakshmi Narayan Mandir
Lotus Temple
Qutub minar

 

 

Location : Mehrauli in South Delhi
Named After : Qutab-ud-din Aibak
Famous As : Highest brick tower in the world
Listed In : World Heritage Site

Built in : 1193 A.D.

Example of :
Indo – Islamic Architecture.

Structure :
72.5 metres High with 399 Steps Leading to the Top. Base is 14.3 metres wide, Top Floor is 2.75 meters wide.

History :
Started by Qutub-ud-Din Aibak but was Completed by His Son-in-law Iltutmish and Further By Firoz Shah Tughlak.

Must Visit :
Quwwat-ul-Islam Mosque to the Northeast of Minar - First Mosque Built by Delhi Sultans, Tomb of Iltutmish, Plain Square Chamber of Red Sandstone.

Architecture Inspired By : Minaret of Jam in Afghanistan.

Don't Miss :
Hidden Pathways Used as an Escapade by the Kings, that are Believed to Lead up to the Red Fort.

Other Complex Attractions :
Madarsa, Graves, Tombs, Mosque and Architectural Structures.

Must See :
Iron Pillar - Never Got Rusted since Errected, Copiously Carved with Inscriptions on the Minerate, Alai-Darwaza - An Arched Gate Built in 1311 AD.

The Fact :
The Archaeological Survey of India has Confirmed that these Monuments were Built by the Refused Stones of Jain Temples that were Demolished to Construct these Marvels.

Inspired by the Minaret of Jam in Afghanistan and wishing to surpass it, Qutb-ud-din Aibak, the first Muslim ruler of Delhi, commenced construction of the Qutub Minar in 1193, but could only complete its base. His successor, Iltutmish, added three more storeys and, in 1368, Firuz Shah Tughluq constructed the fifth and the last storey. The development of architectural styles from Aibak to Tuglak are quite evident in the minaret. Like earlier towers erected by the Ghaznavids and Ghurids in Afghanistan, the Qutub Minar comprises several superposed flanged and cylindrical shafts, separated by balconies carried on Muqarnas corbels. The minaret is made of fluted red sandstone covered with intricate carvings and verses from the Qur'an. The Qutub Minar is itself built on the ruins of Lal Kot, the Red Citadel in the city of Dhillika, the capital of the Tomars and the Chauhans, the last Hindu rulers of Delhi.

The purpose for building this monument has been variously speculated upon. It could take the usual role of a minaret, calling people for prayer in the Quwwat-ul-Islam mosque, the earliest extant mosque built by the Delhi Sultans. Other possibilities are a tower of victory, a monument signifying the might of Islam, or a watch tower for defense. Controversy also surrounds the origins for the name of the tower. Many historians believe that the Qutub Minar was named after the first Turkish sultan, Qutb-ud-din Aibak but others contend that it was named in honour of Qutbuddin Bakhtiar Kaki, a saint from Baghdad who came to live in India and was greatly venerated by Iltutmish.

The nearby Iron Pillar is one of the world's foremost metallurgical curiosities, standing in the famous Qutub Complex. According to the traditional belief, any one who can encircle the entire column with their arms, with their back towards the pillar, can have their wish granted. Because of the corrosive qualities of sweat, people are no longer allowed to perform this act.i

The other historic sites of interest that lie within the Qutub Minar Complex in Delhi are the Quwwat-ul-Islam Mosque, Iron Pillar, Alai Darwaza, Alai Minar, Ala-ud-din Madrasa and the tomb of Illtumish.

The Quwwat-ul-Islam Mosque was constructed on the demolished remains of an ancient Hindu temple near the foot of the splendid Qutub Minar that dominates the Delhi skyline. Supposedly the first ever mosque to be built in Delhi, the Quwwat-ul-Islam mosque courtyard has an amazing Iron Pillar that displays an inscription that has been traced back to the Chandragupta Maurya period. Historians believe the pillar may have been brought from someplace in Bihar, India. An intriguing feature about the 1600 hundred-year pillar is that fact that it consists of 98 percent pure iron that shows no signs of rusting. Scientists are still trying to fathom as to how such a pure state of iron could have been obtained as modern technology has still not been able to achieve this remarkable feat.

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